Flaming bomb

Algemene vragen over de Tweede Wereldoorlog; ook bedoeld voor ongeregistreerde forumbezoekers.
Plaats reactie
rowwen heze

Flaming bomb

Bericht door rowwen heze »

Wie kan mij vertellen waar het logo van de "brandende bom" vandaan komt?? (de politie gebruikt dit logo ook nog)
Ik ben zelf na een hele tijd zoeken erachter gekomen dat er verschillende verhalen rondcirkelen hierover op het net....maar welke klopt??

johan willaert
Berichten: 5568
Lid geworden op: 04 aug 2004, 12:37
Locatie: België
Gegeven: 4 keer
Ontvangen: 2 keer

Bericht door johan willaert »

'Shell and Flame'

The story of the Ordnance Corps insignia

by John Wike and Frederick P. Todd

(This article first appeared in Military Collector and Historian, Vol. 5, No. 4, December 1953, and is reprinted here by permission of The Company of Military Historians)

Although the Ordnance Corps is younger than many other branches of the Army (it having been constituted in 1812) its distinctive device is claimed as being the oldest of the branch insignia presently in use. Whether or not the famous "shell and flame" (or "grenade," "bursting bomb" or "flaming bomb" as it has variously been called) meets this challenge depends upon how certain changes in insignia are interpreted. At least, the device is the oldest and most widely known among military insignias.

Actually, the "shell and flame" and the "grenade," although essentially the same device, represent separate origins and different developments. Explosive or bomb shells were used in Europe as early as the 14th century and soon became a common form-n of artillery ammunition. A smaller size of bomb was brought into general use in the 17th century which could be tossed by hand. It came to be called a "grenado" from the Latin word for the pomegranate. From this we got the term "grenade" and the word "grenadier" for the man who threw it. Both hand-tossed and artillery projected bombs were spherical in shape and for many years carried in a projecting neck or collar for the fuse hole.

The earliest use of the bomb as a device was to represent the grenadier. By the mid- I 8th century these soldiers had ceased to throw grenades except in siege operations and had developed into an elite corps in most European armies. They remain so today. Thus, the crack company of an 18th century British infantry regiment was its grenadier company. The Foot Grenadiers of Napoleon's Imperial Guard was the foremost corps in France at that time, as the Grenadier Guards are in modern Britain. When Adolf Hitler changed the designation of his infantry regiment to grenadier-regiment in 1942, it was to honor the infantry arm by calling all its men grenadiers. Throughout the years, the grenade or bursting bomb was used as the device of most of the various grenadier corps.

The right to wear the grenade was zealously guarded, and in Napoleon's armies there was constant agitation over the tendency of other troops to appropriate the device. The voltigeur companies seem to have been the major offenders, having already arrogated to themselves mustaches and epaulets. The horse carabineirs and the cuirassiers, on the other hand, were considered elite troops and so were given the right to show the grenade insignia on their saddle housings. As mentioned, in the British Army the fusiliers at length established their rights to the grenade. But during the American Revolution, the device was almost exclusively the property of the grenadiers.

Possibly because the grenadier with his tall cap was the arch-symbol of the King's army, the grenadier title was never popular in America, and grenadier organizations were extremely rare here. Thus, the bursting bomb was rarely used in America as a grenadier insignia. Our use of the device springs rather from its artillery background, and this is bome out by the fact that here it was (and still is) called officially the shell and flame.

The story, however, is complicated by another usage. In European armies there had been for some while a sort of infantry soldier called the "fusilier," originally associated with artillery. Very often these men used the grenade as an insignia. The seven fusiller regiments in the British infantry all wear it today. Artillery also adopted it; the grenade first appeared on the Royal Artillery uniform in 1828. This growing acceptance by both fusillers and artillery led to it early adoption by some of our military corps. Thus the first use of the bomb device in America cannot be determined with certainty. But it can be shown that the adoption of the shell and flame as a Regular Army insignia dates from 1832, when it was selected as a symbol for Artillery and Ordnance on the one hand, and as a general military device on the other. Before describing these, we must turn back and look at the earlier insignia of the Ordnance Department.

During the Revolution and until 1812, ordnance duties of the Army were performed by artillery officers. On May 14, 1812 the Ordnance Department was established and, thereafter, he was in touch with ordnance officers on the subject. We have no written description of the device adopted at this time, but surviving samples show an eagle quartering to the right, head to the left, on crossed cannon barrels, with three cannon balls below. A variant form shows the eagle in reverse. Thus, the earliest ordnance insignia appears to have been, in part, the crossed cannon, much as used by artillery today. The artillery of this period displayed a full cannon surmounted by an eagle as its device.

On March 2, 1821 the Ordnance Department was merged with the artillery, and ordnance duties of the Army were again performed by artillery officers detailed for the purpose. No distinctive device was authorized to indicate this detail and, apparently, the ordnance button was adopted.

Eleven years later, in April 1832, the Ordnance Corps was re-established as a separate branch of the Army. Two months after this, new uniform regulations were published which specified that "gold embroidered shell and flame" was to be placed on the skirts of the tail coat wom by both ordnance and artillery personnel. The uniform of the two branches was almost the same; ordnance personnel were distinguished from artillery only by the absence of all-red facings and braid.

Incidentally, the grenade was, in this same year, introduced into the Marine Corps - also as a device for officers' coat tails. Termed officially a "gold embroidered shell and flame," it was wom as long as the tail coats were regulation, that is, until 1859. At a much later date, in 1916, the Corps again adopted the device to identify its marine gunners, a newly created warrant rank. This rank, along with its insignia, was abolished on October 21, 1943.

In December 1832 a new dress cap was approved for use by the Army. From it crown projected either a pompon or a plume, to the bottom of which was fastened a brass "tulip" whose wire end fitted into the plume socket. Fixed to the front of the leather band around the crown of these new hats was a brass shell and flame device; when the pompon was on the cap, the device seemed to be part of the tulip. This shell and flame was wom, apparently, until the cap was abolished by the dress regulations of 1851. It plays no important part in this account, since it was a general decorative device rather than a distinctive insignia. Also, ordnance officers wore chapeaus rather than caps, and ordnance enlisted men wore the same cap as artillery soldiers.

In May 1833, designs for a new and distinctive button for Ordnance were prepared by J.H.L. & W.H. Scovill of Waterbury, CT, at the request of Lieutenant D. Tyler, Ordnance Department. After some alteration, a button containing crossed cannon barrels, with a "U" on one and "S" on the other, having approved by General-in-Chief of the Army. The Corps, however, continued to wear the artillery buttons on their uniforms until a year later when the Commissary General informed Colonel Bomford that as soon as he had received the new buttons from the manufacture he would send them to the ordnance stations to replace those then being wom. this button, except for the "US" was an almost exact copy of the French artillery button of the period. It introduced the shell and flame into Ordnance, and at a time when its use by other branches as a distinctive device was negligible.

In 1851 came wide uniform changes. The shell and flame was removed from the uniform of all other elements of the Army and thus became the distinctive insignia of the Ordnance Corps. A new ordnance button was also authorized about the same time - of gilt, convex in shape and with a plain border, having the crossed cannon and bombshell and a circular scroll, over and across the cannon, containing the words "Ordnance Corps." This device is still in use today and is called the "Ordnance Escutcheon." The shell and flame became the cap insignia and was also added as a device on the collar of enlisted men of Ordnance.

In 1858, when a black felt hat was adopted for the entire Army, a gold embroidered shell and flame on a black velvet background was approved for wear by ordnance officers on the front of this hat. Enlisted men of Ordnance wore the same insignia in yellow metal.

For more than 75 years, except for minor changes, this early Ordnance shell and flame withstood the test of time, remaining in use until about 1924. At that time the present streamlined device was approved a s a result of designs prepared in connection with guidons to be used by ordnance troop units. A later Chief of Ordnance called this new design "reminiscent of the black spherical oil burning lamps" used by street repair people to war the unwary, and felt that the old type insignia, which attempted to portray a "flame which is burning from gasses under pressure," was more symbolic of the Corps.

Some variations in the shell and flame after 1873. (1) Ordnance enlisted men's forage cap device approved in 1873. (2) Ordnance officers' emroidered forage cap device, 1882. (3) Saddle cloth insignia, 1907. (4) Ordnance officers' collar device, 1944. All are actual size and of yellow metal or gold embroidery.

Bron: http://www.goordnance.apg.army.mil/
29th Let's Go!!!!!
Plaats reactie