EU wapenwetgeving: stap 2!

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Erik
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EU wapenwetgeving: stap 2!

Bericht door Erik »

Als jelui denkt dat we er nu zijn met onze EU deacs, kon je er nog wel eens naast zitten.
Luister en huiver:

Inleiding, kun je overslaan:
I thought it would be helpful to provide a detailed update on the Firearms Directive.
European laws on firearms have been in place since 1991. Certain weaknesses and failings of the existing Directive came to light in the aftermath of recent terrorist attacks. Last November the Commission proposed a revision, however the reforms were not balanced or workable for the legitimate gun holder. There was no majority in the Parliament committee to reject outright the Commission proposals. Therefore the Parliament has been going through an amendment process which I have been leading as rapporteur. There is now an agreement in principle on key elements.


Even belangrijk: de categorien wapens!
Background
The Directive sets out the conditions under which private persons may lawfully acquire and possess guns or transfer them to another EU country. The Directive also sets requirements for marking and keeping and sharing of registers.
Firearm types are defined as Category A,B or C. Category A firearms are prohibited except for certain types of individuals, Category B firearms need an “authorisation”, and owners of Category C firearms need to declare their ownership but do not need authorisation.


Blank-firing wapens:
Salute and Acoustic Firearms
The previous treatment of so called “salute and acoustic firearms” raised security concerns. These are working firearms converted to fire blanks. Under the existing Directive in certain countries these could be sold without authorisations and some were easily re-converted to live firearms. This type of firearm was used in Paris terrorist attacks. A cache of over 30 were discovered in the UK in 2015.
The rules covering these firearms will now be tightened. Going forward any firearm which has been converted to fire blanks must remain licensed under the same rules as its original live-firing version.

Voor Nederland is dit al zo geregeld.

Wapens waar verzamelaars gek op zijn, de deacs (deko's) Lees even de blauwgemaakte delen goed!
Deactivated Firearms
In order to strengthen deactivation regimes, the European Commission introduced a new Deactivation Regulation which came into force in April 2016. This sets a single standard for deactivation of firearms. However technical implementation issues have arisen and some countries are concerned that the new standard is less secure than their previous national regime. Following pressure from the Parliament, the European Commission has now re-convened a Working Group of Experts from the European Member States to review the Regulation. The Commission has committed that a revision will be completed by early 2017.


Volgende stukje gaat over "wapens van voor april 2016" en met name wat te doen nu ze eigenlijk niet meer gekeurd kunnen worden door een proefbank. De Working Group stelt een soort met van Algemeen Pardon voor!
Introduction of the Deac-Reg caused problems for legitimate holders of deactivated firearms such as historical re-enactors and those involved in film making etc, as it prohibits them from selling or transferring across borders any items deactivated prior to April 2016 unless the items are re-deactivated to the new standard, which is not technically possible in many cases. Following pressure from the Parliament there will now be a process to assess national standards in use prior to April 2016. If the standards are accepted by the Working Group and Commission as “equivalent” then items deactivated to that previous regime will be able to be bought, sold and transferred without requiring further modification.
The Commission proposed that all deactivated firearms would become subject to the same registration and authorisation procedures as firearms. This was rejected. Instead the negotiations agreed that newly deactivated firearms should be categorised in Category C and need to be declared to national authorities while this would not apply to existing deactivated firearms
.

Voor verdere studie en beeldvorming:

Category A
The Commission’s original proposal added:
Category A6 “Automatic firearms which have been converted into semi-automatic firearms“ and Category A7 “Semi-automatic firearms for civilian use which resemble weapons with automatic mechanisms”
These were both rejected by the Parliament. There is experience that categorising items based on the subjectivity of “resemblance” creates legal uncertainty.
Category A6
The Parliament’s initial committee approach was that “Automatic firearms which have been converted into semi-automatic firearms” should remain in Category B if the conversion was irreversible and be in Category A only if the conversion was reversible. The Parliament proposed that the Commission should develop new technical standards to define which conversions were irreversible. However, the Commission was not prepared to accept responsibility for preparing technical specifications on these conversions.
To reach agreement negotiators representing the majority of the Parliament conceded that automatic firearms converted into semi-automatic firearms should be Category A but added new authorisation procedures so that, at the discretion of the Member State, reservists, target shooters and others with special licences would be permitted to hold these. In addition a grandfathering clause is added so that existing owners can continue to own, transfer, inherit or sell these firearms to others who have appropriate authorisation. Again this is at the discretion of the Member State.
Category A7
Instead of using “resemblance” criteria both Parliament and Council proposed to add to Category A semi-automatic centre-fire firearms when a high-capacity loading device is fitted. Firearms have been categorised depending upon loading capacity already in the current Directive, and the new rules extend this approach. This only affects firearms which use centre-fire and not rimfire percussion ammunition.
The categorisation applies when the firearm and magazine is in combination together, and does not depend merely on whether the firearms is capable of having a higher capacity magazine inserted. This has been explained in the text:
“The mere possibility of fitting a loading device with the capacity over 10 rounds for long firearms and 20 rounds for short firearms does not determine the categorization of the firearm.”
Therefore a semi-automatic firearm remains Category B unless the high capacity magazine is fitted.
Following lengthy negotiations, it was agreed that for long firearms exceeding 60 cm a magazine with a capacity greater than 10 rounds would be restricted, while for a short firearm the limit would be at 20 rounds. This was a major negotiating point for the European Council.
Member States will be able to give authorisations for reservists, target shooters and others with special licences for these firearms. As for those firearms that now fall under Category A6, there is a grandfathering clause.

Status of magazines/ loading devices
Law enforcement authorities in certain countries pressed hard for restrictions on higher capacity magazines. The Council approach was to prohibit their possession but this was rejected by the Parliament as it was considered impractical to enforce. Instead it was agreed that future acquisitions of loading devices will depend upon showing a valid and appropriate license, as is already the case for ammunition, so only those with authorisation to hold category A firearms will be permitted to acquire high capacity magazines.
People who are found in possession of a high capacity magazine after a transition period and who do not have a category A authorisation will risk having their authorisation to hold firearms removed.


Laatste zin in blauw wel interessant!
Special provisions for ownership
Member states will be able to give Category A authorisations to individuals for the protection of the security of critical infrastructure, commercial shipping, high-value convoys and sensitive premises, as well as for national defence, educational, cultural, research and historical purposes
Museums and collectors: Member states will be able to give Category A authorisations to recognised museums and in exceptional and duly reasoned cases to collectors, subject to strict security measures. The collection of ammunition is permitted.
Target shooters: Member states will be able to give Category A authorisations to target shooters provided the individual is actively practising for or participating in shooting competitions. We have worked closely with the International Practical Shooting Confederation to ensure that the authorisation covers those entering the sport as well as those already competing. The current freedom of choice of equipment used by competitors in their shooting disciplines is not restricted. To facilitate continued participation in international competitions the rules governing the European Firearms Pass will be updated to cover firearms, including Category A firearms, held by such target shooters.
Reservists: Armed forces, the police and the public authorities are outside the scope. The provisions for authorisation for national defence also enables Member States to issue reservists with firearms.
Switzerland: Language is introduced to cover the Swiss system based on general conscription which enables the transfer of military firearms to persons leaving the army.
Film industry: Many film productions in Europe use firearms including deactivated firearms, purpose-built blank firing firearms as well as live firearms, usually firing blanks, all depending on the nature of the production. The Commission initial proposals would have jeopardised this but the Parliament text has re-instated the ability for special authorisations for the film industry under strict controls.
Re-enactors: The European Firearms Pass enables legitimate owners to move firearms across borders. This has been updated to assist historical re-enators.

Private modifications
Hand-loading and reloading of ammunition will remain permitted. Modifications of firearms for private use are also still permitted by private owners and not restricted only to dealers or brokers.

Medical systems
The existing law states that authorisations are only permitted for those who “are not likely to be a danger to themselves or others”. The Commission suggested that medical tests should been needed for each authorisation and these should be reviewed every five years. However point-in-time medical tests are not necessarily effective. Instead it was agreed that each Member State must have a monitoring system to assess relevant medical and psychological information which they may operate on a continuous or non-continuous basis. Authorisation will be withdrawn if any of the conditions on which it was granted are no longer met, or may be renewed or prolonged if the conditions are still fulfilled. Member States can decide whether or not the assessment involves a prior medical or psychological test. This does not change national approaches or introduce new EU-wide requirements for medical testing.

Marking, Registers and Information Sharing
The current law requires firearms to be marked and registered so that each firearm can be linked to its owner. Law enforcement and Europol noted the risk of sales of parts. Going forward the essential components of a firearm also need to be marked and registered. To avoid risk of confusion the main identifier will be the mark affixed to the frame or receiver. The new marking requirements will not apply to existing firearms. Firearms of historical importance may not need markings depending on national law.
To improve information sharing, dealers and brokers will need to inform national authorities of transfers through electronic means and Member States will share information on firearms held in their country.

Selective fire
The European Commission proposed to reference specific types of firearms and derivations thereof. However the Parliament rejected this approach as it was considered impracticable for the same reasons as “resemblance” based criteria. A clarification has been added in recital 9 that selective fire firearms are treated as Category A which is in accordance with current practice. There are no other references to specific types of firearms anywhere else in the text.
Firearms designed for military use, which are equipped to operate on the basis of selective fire, such as AK47, M16, where they may be manually adjusted between automatic and semi-automatic firing modes should fall within category A, therefore should not be available for civilians and if converted into semi-automatic firearms should fall within category A6.

Next steps
The provisional deal still needs to be confirmed by the EU member states’ permanent representatives (Coreper) and by Parliament’s Internal Market Committee. This is to happen towards the end of January 2017. The draft directive would then be put to a vote by the full Parliament in a plenary session in 2017 and formally approved by the EU Council of Ministers.
It was proposed that Member States would have 15 months to transpose the new rules into national legislation and 30 months to introduce new systems for sharing of information. Members States may decide to suspend the requirement for declaring deactivated weapons and prior category D firearms for 30 months from the entry into force of the Directive.

Thanks
I would like to thank the many organisations who have assisted with technical advice including International Practical Shooting Confederation (IPSC), The European Federation of Associations for Hunting & Conservation (FACE), The Nordic Hunters’ Alliance, Federation of European Societies of Arms Collectors (FESAC), The Association of European Manufactures of Sporting Firearms, The British Association for Shooting and Conservation, Deactivated Weapons Association, Historical Breechloading Smallarms Association, The Royal Armouries, the Imperial War Museums and the Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and Military History.
BSM Williams in <it ain't half hot, mon>:
"Oh dear. How sad. Never mind."
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earlymb
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Re: EU wapenwetgeving: stap 2!

Bericht door earlymb »

Een 'generaal pardon' is de enige oplossing voor pre-Richtlijn Nederlands gedeactiveerd spul, als ze tenminste geen ondergrondse handel willen hebben. Ik denk dat de Nederlandse methode van onklaarmaken wel zal worden aangemerkt als 'equivalent'.

De ruimte die lidstaten krijgen om binnen de Richtlijn hun eigen regels te maken (dit is niet onbeperkt) en een mogelijke registratie zijn de volgende struikelblokken...
Laatst gewijzigd door earlymb op 21 dec 2016, 11:53, 1 keer totaal gewijzigd.
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racefiets
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Re: EU wapenwetgeving: stap 2!

Bericht door racefiets »

Dat generaal pardon zal alleen wel door Europa goedgekeurd moeten worden en dat zie ik al zo snel niet gebeuren.
Eerst maar even de stemming in januari af wachten. In de tussentijd het Tsjechië wapenbezit verankerd in de grondwet. Ik ben echt benieuwd hoe die hierop gaan reageren.
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Re: EU wapenwetgeving: stap 2!

Bericht door Erik »

De Telegraaf heeft ook al een stukje opgenomen op 21 dec 17:
De Telegraaf schreef: BRUSSEL - De Europese wetgeving voor wapenbezit wordt aangescherpt. De lidstaten stemden dinsdag in met een politiek akkoord dat eerder deze maand werd gesloten tussen de Europese instellingen.

Bepaalde semiautomatische wapens worden verboden voor jagers en sportschutters en gedeactiveerde wapens moeten in meer gevallen worden geregistreerd. Om wapens beter te kunnen traceren moeten fabrikanten ook de belangrijkste onderdelen gaan markeren en registreren.
Strengere wapenrichtlijn

Ook voor verzamelaars en musea gaan strengere regels gelden. Daarnaast worden alarmpistolen en omgebouwde vuurwapens die in films en theaters worden gebruikt opgenomen in de wapenrichtlijn.

Mensen die een wapen willen kopen worden in de toekomst verplicht een psychologische check te ondergaan. Verder wordt werk gemaakt van het koppelen van de nationale databanken waarin wapens staan geregistreerd.
Voorstellen afgezwakt

De Europese Commissie had kort na de aanslagen in Parijs van november 2015 voorstellen gedaan, maar die zijn enigszins afgezwakt. Zo bleek een volledig verbod op kalasjnikovs niet haalbaar. Ook de beperking tot tien kogels voor magazijnen van alle semiautomatische wapens haalde het niet.

Commissievoorzitter Jean-Claude Juncker liet weten hard te hebben gevochten voor een „ambitieuze deal” die het risico op terreuraanslagen en schietpartijen in scholen en op zomerkampen zou verminderen. Hij spreekt desondanks van een „mijlpaal.”
BSM Williams in <it ain't half hot, mon>:
"Oh dear. How sad. Never mind."
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uniformverzamelaar
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Re: EU wapenwetgeving: stap 2!

Bericht door uniformverzamelaar »

Hoeveel % van de misdaden zouden er gepleegd worden met geregistreerde wapen ?

Het zijn niet die mannen die hun wapens gaan laten registreren.
In welke utopie leven die heren wetgevers toch ?

Een "mijlpaal" wel voor de sportschutters, jagers en verzamelaars het leven zuur te maken.
Groeten
GuY

We moeten beseffen dat meer personen meer weten dan één, maar we moeten ons ook realiseren dat we samen maar een fractie weten van wat er te weten valt
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Erik
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Re: EU wapenwetgeving: stap 2!

Bericht door Erik »

Nou Guy, niet overdrijven, maar alle bankovervallen in onze omgeving worden altijd gepleegd met volledig dicht- en vastgelaste Carcano-geweren! De boeven zijn onherkenbaar want ze dragen ook allemaal hetzelfde zwarte-geelgestreepte pakje met een nummer op de borst en rug, zodat je ze niet kunt herkennen!
BSM Williams in <it ain't half hot, mon>:
"Oh dear. How sad. Never mind."
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uniformverzamelaar
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Re: EU wapenwetgeving: stap 2!

Bericht door uniformverzamelaar »

Erik,

Je kan het in het belachelijke trekken zoveel je maar wil, maar het zijn enkel de mensen van de categorieën die ik hierboven aanhaalde dat de dupe zijn van deze zinloze wetgeving.

Deze wetgeving schiet haar doel voorbij.......het verminderen van wapenfeiten. Als ik zo op het bekende Nederlandse programma "opsporing verzocht" kijk helpt dat allemaal niet zoveel wat ze voor ogen hebben.

De heleboel verbieden.....ook het speelgoed, de wapens op levende geschiedenis, toneel enz.....
Als dat er dan is..... nemen de overvallers toch maar een moker hamer om een overval te doen of iemand de kop in te slaan. :bonk:
Groeten
GuY

We moeten beseffen dat meer personen meer weten dan één, maar we moeten ons ook realiseren dat we samen maar een fractie weten van wat er te weten valt
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Re: EU wapenwetgeving: stap 2!

Bericht door Erik »

uniformverzamelaar schreef:Erik,

Je kan het in het belachelijke trekken zoveel je maar wil, maar het zijn enkel de mensen van de categorieën die ik hierboven aanhaalde dat de dupe zijn van deze zinloze wetgeving.
Weet ik en daarom doe ik dat ook.
Makkelijk scoren is nu het devies. Ieder weldenkend mensch weet dat het beperken van het legale wapenbezit niets uithaalt, maar het is wel de makkelijkste groep: meest oppassende burgers namelijk!
Maar! Het Europese machoggel moet succes hebben! Vandaar!
BSM Williams in <it ain't half hot, mon>:
"Oh dear. How sad. Never mind."
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